How it came about that Nehemiah did not put the king's favour to the proof until more than three months had gone by we can only conjecture. This month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred within the months of April and May 445 b.c. ii. This can be nothing but sadness of heart.” Nehemiah 2:7 - And I said to the king, 'If it please the king, let letters be given me for the governors of the provinces beyond the River, that they may allow me to pass through until I come to Judah, on StudyLight.org . The Second Person of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, took on humanity to experience spiritual warfare even as you do; He knows what it is to be under attack, how to break through to victory, and so He knows how to lead His people to victory. Chapter 11. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Opposition is always difficult; but when it comes from brothers, it is then mixed with the pain of betrayal as well. ii. Nehemiah 1:11. It was as if Nehemiah said, “You don’t belong here. But with God’s help we will! Nehemiah 7 KJV: This is the 14 th week of our study of the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. Nehemiah 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material Hi, Sign out The most important works are by Dod (Genesis), Chadwick (Exodus and Mark), Kellogg (Leviticus), Blaikie (Joshua, I and II Samuel), Adeney (Ezra, Nehemiah … But when Sanballat the Horonite, Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard of it: Things had been going extraordinarily well, so we are not surprised that opposition came up again. He does not undertake to do it without them. (9-18) The opposition of the adversaries. i. Nehemiah sized these two up more quickly than we often do. Nehemiah 2:3. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. He was a man of prayer, but also a man of action. We his servants will start rebuilding, but as for you, you have no share in Jerusalem or any claim or historic right to it.'" You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. So I prayed to the God of heaven. A. Nehemiah the cupbearer. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. ii. Salem Media Group. i. Nehemiah didn’t put the work on hold while a crisis response team figured out the best way to answer Sanballat and Tobiah. Nisan is, according to the Hebrew calendar, the first month of the year; yet here, as in Nehemiah 1:1-11, the twentieth year of Artaxerxes is named, and the month Chisleu there mentioned … (Neh 2:1-2) Nehemiah stands before the king. Nehemiah being sorrowful in the king's presence, the reason of it was asked by the king, which he declared, and then took the opportunity to request of the king that he might be sent to Jerusalem to rebuild it, which was granted him, Nehemiah 2:1, upon which he set out, and came to Jerusalem, to the great grief of the enemies of Israel, Nehemiah 2:9 and after he had been three days in Jerusalem, he … Chapter 6. 2 So the king said to me, “Why is your face sad, since you are not sick? ), was a king of Persia in whose court Ezra and Nehemiah were officials (Ezra 7:1, 7). 445.) Or it may come through the words of those who, if they know it or not, are being used by our spiritual enemies. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Bible > Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; Nehemiah; Nehemiah 2; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << Nehemiah 1 | Nehemiah 2 | Nehemiah 3 >> (Read all of Nehemiah 2) Verse 1 [1] And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Nehemiah comes to Jerusalem. I had never before appeared sad in his presence. Chapter 9. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence. Nehemiah 2 And I said to the king, "If it please the king, let letters be given me for the governors of the provinces beyond the River, that they may allow me to pass through until I come to Judah, New American Standard Version Nehemiah's Request to the King. Nehemiah 2:1-10 New International Version (NIV) Artaxerxes Sends Nehemiah to Jerusalem. By stirring up ourselves and one another to that which is good, we strengthen ourselves and one another for it. This opposition did not immediately melt away. The way that Sanballat and Tobiah used laughter and scorn as weapons against the work of God should also make us reflect on our own use of humor. 1 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. We might have thought they would have supported his work, but they do not. Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Nehemiah 2:4. We will prosper under the hand of the God of heaven!”. Sanballat was connected by marriage to priestly families (Nehemiah 13:28). Some of these faithful Jews were raised up to places of prominence in the governments they were deported to. Outline: The beginnings of opposition (19-20) The people rise up and work (3:1-32) The opposition intensifies (4:1-23) I. But it didn’t. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. The people he was meant to lead were genuinely influenced by his leadership. Nehemiah 2 - NIV: In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, when wine was brought for him, I took the wine and gave it to the king. Nehemiah Goes to Jerusalem. 1 Early the following spring, in the month of Nisan, # 2:1 Hebrew In the month of Nisan. Esther. He had a work to do and he was going to do it. Chapter 8. Now I had not been [beforetime] sad in his presence." Then the king said to me, "What would you request?" Home >> Bible Studies >> Nehemiah >> Nehemiah 2:1-18 These small group studies of Nehemiah contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Jewish tradition states that Ezra is the author of Ezra-Nehemiah as well as the Book of Chronicles, but modern scholars generally accept that a compiler from the 5th … Nehemiah 2. This scorn may come to us in an inward feeling (“Who am I trying to kid? Now the king had sent captains of the army and horsemen with me. Second, they were not concerned with God’s authority. i. Tobiah (a Jewish name) was a man of influence, being associated with the high priest’s family, and getting help from the priests (Nehemiah 13:4). d. We His servants… will arise and build: Nehemiah proclaimed who he was and what he would do. Our prayers must be seconded with serious endeavours, else we mock God... View the entire commentary. 2:12 This relates Nehemiah's initial secret inspection of the walls (cf. Jump to: Adam Clarke Commentary; Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible; Coffman … Search Tools. i. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. In the month of Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, I had never been sad in his presence before, The city, the place of my fathers’ tombs, lies waste, and its gates are burned with fire, send me to Judah, to the city of my father’s tombs, the gates of the citadel… the city wall… the house I will occupy, And the king granted them to me according to the good hand of my God upon me, Sanballat the Horonite… Tobiah the Ammonite, They were deeply disturbed that a man had come to seek the well-being of the children of Israel, I told no one what my God had put in my heart to do at Jerusalem, I went out by night through the Valley Gate, And viewed the walls of Jerusalem which were broken down and its gates which were burned with fire, The walls of Jerusalem which were broken down and its gates which were burned with fire, I told them of the hand of my God which had been good upon me, I told them… of the king’s words that he had spoken to me, And I told them of the hand of my God which had been good upon me, Then they set their hands to do this good work, But when Sanballat the Horonite, Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard of it, The God of heaven Himself will prosper us, You have no heritage or right or memorial in Jerusalem, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Read Nehemiah 2 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Failure to see these will always lead to defeat. “Go ahead and take your best shot. It was contrary to court behavior for a servant to appear sad. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. There is no way he could have made this tour with a dry eye, knowing the extent of the damage and the fear, poverty, and insecurity the broken walls meant in the lives of the … Nehemiah worked out how long the journey would take. They had previously made their opinion known; now they will seek to do something about the progress Nehemiah is making. But when Sanballat the Horonite, Tobiah the Ammonite official, and Geshem the Arab heard of it, they laughed at us and despised us, and said, “What is this thing that you are doing? One with God makes a majority. The king and queen would have liked Nehemiah to remain in the palace. b. Sanballat… Tobiah: These two first surfaced in Nehemiah 2:10; they were deeply disturbed that a man had come to seek the well-being of the children of Israel. In facing our enemies, we must always keep focus on who we are and what we should do. Not Yet a Member? So I answered them, and said to them, “The God of heaven Himself will prosper us; therefore we His servants will arise and build, but you have no heritage or right or memorial in Jerusalem.”. Nehemiah Goes to Jerusalem. i. Nehemiah and his followers were servants of God. Many times, those who are being used by our spiritual enemies against us simply don’t know what they are talking about. And it came about in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, that wine was before him, and I took up the wine and gave it to the king. And this chapter begins the 2 nd of 2 main sections in the book of … The fourth month after Chisleu, corresponding nearly to our April. Jump to: Adam Clarke Commentary; Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible; John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible; Geneva Study Bible; Wesley's Explanatory Notes; James Nisbet's Church … Nehemiah 2:1. What form did the opposition take at the beginning? It was the month called Kislev in … Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. of Sanballat and Tobiah felt confident because they were servants of the king; but Nehemiah is a servant of God. Nehemiah 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. Nehemiah 2:1 In the month Nisan. Chapter 3. He wasn’t going to let them sidetrack him. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. 1 Early the following spring, in the month of Nisan, # 2:1 Hebrew In the month of Nisan. III. Nehemiah 2:10 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite heard of his coming, it caused them great annoyance (להם ירע is strengthened by גּדולה רעה, as in Jonah 4:1 ) that a man (as Nehemiah expresses himself ironically from their point of view) was come to seek the welfare of the children of Israel. One of the refreshing marks of young people is their idealism. Spiritual opposition to the work God wants to accomplish is a reality many Christians fail to take account of and are thus defeated in what God would what them to do. Nehemiah 2. All rights reserved. The beginnings of opposition (19-20) Discussion Questions. He was a man of prayer, but also a man of action. It was contrary to court behavior for a servant to appear sad. Our prayers must be seconded with serious endeavours, else we mock God... View the entire commentary. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Ezra. And this chapter begins the 2 nd of 2 main sections in the book of Nehemiah. Their question showed that they figured the king of Persia was the highest authority in the land. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. The second half of Nehemiah 2:9 contains a supplementary remark, so that ויּשׁלח must be expressed by the pluperfect. Then I went to the governors in the region beyond the River, and gave them the king’s letters. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Chapter 2. It will just happen again.” But we have more faith than that. v. 16). Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Nehemiah 2:1. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. ii. This can be nothing but sadness of heart.” I was very much afraid, 3 but I said to the king, “May the king live … 1 And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. c. They laughed us to scorn: Sanballat and Tobiah used scorn in their attack. Nehemiah's Request to the King. If you allow your enemies to get you to stop what you should be doing and give all your attention to them, then your enemies have won. We can say the same to our spiritual enemies: “You have no heritage or right or memorial in me. When faced with the choice of pleasing man or pleasing God, Nehemiah knew exactly what he would do. The king had given permission, even if they didn’t know it. Ezra 8:15,32). Nehemiah 2. In Nehemiah 2:10 Sanballat and Tobiah had been grieved at the thought of his arrival to assist the Jews, now they were accumulating friends and actually mocking what he was seeking to achieve and suggesting that it was treason. Nehemiah 2 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Chapter 2 Nehemiah's request to the king. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. There is a touch of holy boldness in Nehemiah’s response. i. The king knew that Nehemiah was a good and loyal servant. Cyril Barber - This set (Expositor's Bible Commentary), originally published in 1903, contains expositions by both conservative and liberal theologians. … Let them mock – he would serve the LORD. And said to them: Nehemiah did not give a point-by-point reply. But their hearts showed they had no heritage or right or memorial in God’s city. i. You will fail. He knew they weren’t for him or for Jerusalem, or for God at all – though they may have claimed to be. We know that Nehemiah was a great leader because people followed him. How Nehemiah wrestled with God and prevailed we read in the foregoing chapter; now here we are told how, like Jacob, he prevailed with men also, and … Chapter 2. Even if you know from years of experience that a young persons ideals are not practical, his zest can inspire faith and hope in those of us who may have lost our vision somewhere in the many battles of life. Chapter 10. Nehemiah 2. These are exactly the things our spiritual enemies want us to forget! So the king asked Nehemiah how long he would be away from the palace. (In Nehemiah 4:1-3 we will learn of their growing anger at what is being achieved, and in Nehemiah 4:7-8 they will actually plan … I had not been sad in his presence before, 2 so the king asked me, “Why does your face look so sad when you are not ill? Nehemiah comes to Jerusalem. We never reach them but, like the mariners on the sea, we chart our course by them (Carl Schurz, Readers Digest [5/84], p. 66). Resources » Commentaries » Nehemiah » Chapter 2. "And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, [that] wine … Someone has said, Ideals are like the stars. Study Notes on Ezra, Nehemiah, & Esther Page #6 Notes to the Reader To save space and for other reasons, I have chosen not to include the Bible text in these notes (please use your Bible to follow along). 2 Wherefore the king said unto me, Why is thy countenance sad, seeing thou art not sick? Nehemiah Nehemiah 7 KJV, Meaning, Commentary, Explained, Ezra 2. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. When Nehemiah had considered the matter, he told the Jews that God had put it into his heart to build the wall of Jerusalem... View the entire commentary a. F2 Being sad in the king's presence was a serious offense in Persia ( Esther 4:2 ); and, besides that, Nehemiah was well aware that the request which he would ultimately make of the king might indeed anger him. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. These men were Jews – were fellow brothers – of Nehemiah and the citizens of Jerusalem. (Nehemiah 2:2). Nehemiah 1:1-11. When Nehemiah had considered the matter, he told the Jews that God had put it into his heart to build the wall of … i. Ezra had been ashamed to request a military escort from the Persian monarch ( Ezra 8:22 ); but the king gave to the high dignitary called Pecha a guard of soldiers, who certainly remained with him in Jerusalem also for his protection ( Ezra 4:17 ). We’re in the 7 th chapter of the book of Nehemiah this morning. 2. Click on the different category headings to find out more. b. Nehemiah 2. v. 16). This month of the ancient Hebrew lunar calendar occurred within the months of April and May 445 b.c. d. Will you rebel against the king: This shows that Sanballat and Tobiah had a low view of God’s authority. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. These two opposed the work all the way until it was finished. And the king granted them to me because the good hand of my God was on me. i. 2. Nehemiah 2 is the second chapter of the Book of Nehemiah in the Old Testament of the Christian Bible, or the 12th chapter of the book of Ezra-Nehemiah in the Hebrew Bible, which treats the book of Ezra and the book of Nehemiah as one book. Artaxerxes Sends Nehemiah to Jerusalem 2 In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes,(A) when wine was brought for him, I took the wine and gave it to the king. Rather, “the king granted them to me because the good hand of my God was on me.” As Proverbs 21:1 states, “The king’s heart is like channels of water in the hand of the Lord. f. Then they set their hands to do this good work: This shows God’s hand at work here. Nehemiah 2:20 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Nehemiah 2:20, NIV: "I answered them by saying, 'The God of heaven will give us success.We his servants will start rebuilding, but as for you, you have no share in Jerusalem or any claim or historic right to it.'" They may have been Jews by birth; they may have been legal citizens of Jerusalem; they may have owned property in the city. Today we’ll plan to cover 4 chapters. Chapter 4. "what my God was putting into my mind to do" Nehemiah believed that YHWH was guiding his thoughts and actions. Will you rebel against the king?”. Sanballat, Tobiah, and Geshem are united so closely, and act so much together (Nehemiah 4:1-7; Nehemiah 6:1, Nehemiah 6:2, Nehemiah 6:6, Nehemiah 6:12, Nehemiah 6:14), that it is difficult to suppose them to be three chieftains residing on three sides of Judaea, the north, the east, and the south, merely holding diplomatic intercourse with each other, which is the ordinary idea. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. When Sanballat the Horonite and Tobiah the Ammonite official heard of it, they were deeply disturbed that a man had come to seek the well-being of the children of Israel. during the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes’ reign, I was serving the king his wine. Chapter 5. this is nothing else but sorrow of heart. StudyLıght.org. We often wish that if we did everything right as Nehemiah did here, then the opposition would just go away. Men who were not afraid of death have been manipulated because they did not want to be laughed at. Known as Artaxerxes I, Longimanus (“Long-handed”), he … iii. I had not been sad in his presence before, 2 so the king asked me, “Why does your face look so sad when you are not ill? Chapter 13. during the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes’ reign, I was serving the king his wine. 2 In the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, when wine was brought for him, I took the wine and gave it to the king.